History of the DIA of Khorezm region
A brief history of law enforcement of Khorezm region
The establishment of law enforcement agencies in Khorezm is associated with the events of 1920. On February 2 of the same year, after the dethroning of Said Abdullah, Khan of Khiva, a government was formed in Khorezm. On April 9, the government decided to establish a police department under the Ministry of Justice. This day remained in history as the day when the police were established in Khorezm. Nazar Sholikorov was appointed as the head of the police department (later the Ministry of Internal Affairs).
During these years, the police honourably fulfilled their mission to ensure peace. The population also began to closely assist in exposing thieves, scalpers, hooligans and criminal bands. And many people started to join the service in its ranks. Hakim Yakubov from Khiva, Bobojon Atabaev from Hazarasp, Petr Alexandrovich Pridannikov from Urgench, Ahmadjon Ibragimov, Rajap Ruzmetov, Matnazar Khudaiberganov, and the first female police officer Roziya Atajonova were among them. Roziya Otajonova's courage is incredibly worthy. Despite being a woman, she wore a police uniform and took part in brutal battles alongside men. In the Gazovot district, she tracked down the most famous and largest trader, Yahshimurat Sari, and arrested him. We always bow in front of their services.
Menglikhoja Ibiyaminov, Masharif Kariev and others after N. Sholikorov headed the Khorezm militia. By 1923, the number of provincial militias had risen to 300. The Police Department staff consisted of 4 officers (head, assistant, junior inspector and clerk). There were 193 infantry militiamen and 63 cavalry militiamen. There were 104 employees in Khiva city and post, 78 in Gurlan district and 74 in New Urgench district. (KhSA fund №73, description 1, chr.no. 12, page 151).
In 1924, the Labor Code, the Code of Criminal and the Code of Criminal Procedure came into force in the Khorezm People's Republic. These codes played an essential role in regulating public life and strengthening the legislation. The police fought crime and joined forces to kill activists and crackdown on gangs that were the initiators of riots inside the republic. For example, in February-March 1924, bands in Khanka, Hazarasp, Saduvor, Ilyoli and around Lake Tuzsultan were destroyed by heavy battles by police.
We are proud to mention the names of Veterans of Khorezm police Davlatjon Mahmudov, Safar Maksudov, Rajab Ollanazarov, Kadir Bobojonov, Ruzmat Matnazarov, Eson Ashurov, Ollashukur Jumaniyozov, Rajab Kalandarov, Mamat Kutliev, Yusuf Shaykhov, Jumaniyaz Otajonov, Ibrokhim Kholmuradov, Olaberdi Kuryazov, Rajab Ruzmetov, Bekchon Bobojonov, Yuldash Bobojonov. And Yuldash Bobojonov, who began his service in the militia as an ordinary policeman and rose to the rank of Ministers of Internal Affairs, Major General.
In 1925 - 1958, Bekchan Bobojonov worked as an ordinary policeman in Shovot district. The government awarded him with several medals like the Orders of the Red Star and the Red Flag, the Medal for Victory over Germany in 1941-1945, and the Lenin's Order in 1952. During the Second World War, Ruzmat Yakubov, an officer of the Yangiarik District Department of Internal Affairs, and Kadyr Saidjanov, a member of the Yangibazar District Department of Internal Affairs, died heroically in the battles for freedom. Khudaybergan Avazov, Abdulla Jumaniyozov, Kuramboy Kutlimuratov, Achil Abdukarimov, Sagit Karimov, Samandar Karimov, Rakhimbergan Matnazarov, Masharif Yusupov, Akhnaf Samatov, Innokenty Koryakovsky, Tora Eshchonov, Ivan Lesnikh, Kuramboy Ochilov, and Kutlimurod Yuldashev were rewarded with medals for bravery and returned to the police force.
The government had done many works to develop the police. They paid special attention to its cooperation with the population. Uzbekistan was the first in the Union to initiate the establishment of public order bases in rural areas, and this initiative spread to all allied republics. In Khorezm region, such checkpoints have been set up in all villages. They have been the closest assistants to law enforcement officers in preventing crime and delinquency, exposing crimes, and ensuring the safety of citizens. During this period, the main focus was on the prevention of crime and delinquency. They carried out practical work, especially among youths, in close cooperation with the public.
Disclosure of a crime is the main task of criminal investigation bodies, which is an indicator of the professionalism of employees serving in this system. They have done many works to create new units and increase the knowledge of staff and the efficiency of these areas in the region. Simultaneously, measures have been identified to develop SAI activities (State Automobile Inspectorate), fire, passport, economic crime, and other departments.
It is known that the results of the practical work of law enforcement agencies depend on the personnel, their general and professional background, knowledge and education.
Therefore, the government's requirements and instructions to strengthen the legislation, strengthen the security of citizens, and the protection of their legal rights began to be consistently implemented in the region. They carried out socio-political and organizational work in all departments and divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs to raise the work of the police to a new level.
The activities of Khorezm police in the years of Independence
In 1991, the regional department of internal affairs carried out many models to prevent crime and wrongdoing, detecting crimes, fire and traffic safety. During this period, Colonel Valery Ivanovich Lesnykh headed the department. However, these measures did not effectively impact the prevention of crime and delinquency. Therefore, patience was required until the government regained its composure and new laws. Then the management began to reorganize the work seriously. First of all, personal content has changed significantly. Those who were accustomed to the old ways were dismissed and were replaced by precisely selected young men. To further improve newcomers' knowledge and professional skills, special courses have been launched in the departments. The staff was trained in shooting and unarmed combat. Many of the new hires and former employees have set an example with their dedication.
On January 13, 1992, the Republic of Uzbekistan's Law "On strengthening the responsibility for violations of traffic rules" was adopted. Many other similar government laws and resolutions have been adopted in the ministry. These documents were the first step towards restructuring the work of law enforcement agencies, cracking down on crime, and ensuring road and fire safety. Soon, the employees were given VAZ cars from the local budget and Opel cars from the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Colonel Tora Kholmatov, the head of the regional police department, was in charge of this work.
Less than a year later, discipline was restored in Khorezm. It was primarily due to the government's laws and resolutions. Secondly, as a result of practical measures taken under the leadership of the newly appointed head of the regional police T. Kholmatov.
At the same time, large-scale construction, repair and beautification works were carried out in the regional department of internal affairs and its subsystems.
By the beginning of 2000, the reorganization of management structure works continued on the region's system of internal affairs agencies. At the same time, based on the Presidential Decrees of March 27, 2001 "On measures to further improve the activities of law enforcement agencies of the Republic of Uzbekistan"; July 19, 2004 "On measures to further improve the activities of law enforcement agencies of the Republic of Uzbekistan", "On measures to strengthen the fight against organized crime, terrorism and drug trafficking"; May 7, 2001 "On strengthening the role of investigative units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the fight against crime"; May 18, 2001 "On measures to ensure road safety"; May 31, 2001 "On measures to further improve the patrol and public order"; June 6, 2001 "On strengthening the role of the preventive service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the fight against crime"; June 25, 2001 "On measures to improve the fire safety system in the Republic of Uzbekistan" resolutions were helpful in it.
Today, the region's law enforcement agencies strengthening cooperation with other law enforcement agencies to ensure the stability of the situation in the area, peace and order, public safety, timely detection of crimes, arrest of wanted criminals, religious extremism, terrorism. They are working diligently to identify prone and missing and ensure fire and road safety. Reforms in the system since Independence have opened a broad way to expand cooperation with the ancient tradition of the people.
At present, the establishment of public structures "Mahalla Posponi" of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the resolution of 2001 "On improving police posts' infrastructure and social skills" are of the significant ones in ensuring peace and order, combating and preventing crime.
According to these documents, 296 senior inspectors and prevention inspectors work in 205 police posts in the region. Four hundred ninety chairmen of local mahallas closely assist them, 391 advisers on religious enlightenment and spiritual and moral education, 391 leaders of the community structure "Mahalla posboni", and 2124 public guards help.
In recent years, the scope of work in the field of passports and visas has also increased. In pursuance of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, dated June 23, 2009, "On measures to further improve the passport system in the Republic of Uzbekistan, " many steps have been taken to create a system of quality biometric passports. The buildings of the passport offices were renovated and equipped with modern equipment. They were adapted for the documentation of biometric passports.
Particular attention is paid to the health and recovery of personnel. The Medical Service of the Regional Department of Internal Affairs was changed into a medical department in 2007. It provides qualified services to law enforcement officers, their families, veterans, prosecutors, justice, tax and judicial officials.
Over the past 20 years, the personnel department has paid more attention to improving the physical fitness of employees. Over the past years, 17 masters of sports, 18 candidates for masters of sports, multi-category athletes have been trained. In recent years, holding memory tournaments has become a tradition.
The reforms resulted in establishing three paramilitary and 20 professional fire safety units. They engaged in combat operations in the fight against fire and natural disasters. 6 of them are buildings built based on the standard design. The rest are located in renovated buildings. During this period, law enforcement agencies purchased 44 fire trucks were repaired, 44 new water tanks were installed, 19 different brands of vehicles, 42 Aselsan, 15 communications equipment. The material and technical base of the industry was strengthened, many types of firefighting equipment and facilities were provided. As a result, fire prevention has been improved. The total number of fires has decreased from year to year. The number of people killed and injured in fires has reduced significantly. During this period, the staff conducted inspections and interviews on fire prevention in more than one million homes, organized preventive work.
During the reform period, the material and technical base of the traffic police of the regional police has entirely improved. Police purchased new special vehicles and computer equipment for traffic police. The department is equipped with modern speedometers, radar, communications, traffic monitoring, diagnostic equipment. Significant work has been done to computerize the main areas of activity, like registration and accounting of vehicles, administrative responsibilities, taking exams, issuing driver's licenses, registration, and analysis of road accidents.
In 1999, the government adopted the law on Road Safety. Since 1999, employees of traffic police units have changed to a new uniform. In recent years, traffic police establishments have been built in Khanka, Khazarasp, Khiva and Urgench districts. On the 455th km of the Guzar-Bukhara-Nukus-Beyneu highway of international importance A-380, on the Tuprakqala, Urgench-Khiva highway, on the Karaman, on the Gurlan-Amudarya highway, Momokopir traffic police stations have been modernized.
Lacetti, Mercedes-Benz, Opel, Nexia cars, Pentium-4 computers, modern means of communication are being helpful to increase the efficiency of the work.